Hailed by her contemporaries as the most popular animal-painter, male or female, of the nineteenth century, the French artist Rosa Bonheur (1822-99) lived to see her name become a household word. In a century that did its best to keep women in their place, Bonheur, like George Sand--to whom she was often compared--defined herself outside of the social and legal codes of her time. To the horror and bewilderment of many, she earned her own money, managed her own property, wore trousers, hunted, smoked, and lived in retreat with female companions in a little chateau near Fountainebleau named The Domain of Perfect Affection.Rosa Bonheur: The Artists (Auto)Biography brings this extraordinary woman to life in a unique blend of biography and autobiography.
Coupling her own memories with Bonheurs first-person account, Anna Klumpke, a young American artist who was Bonheurs lover and chosen portraitist, recounts how she came to meet and fall in love with Bonheur. Bonheurs account of her own life story, set nicely within Klumpkes narrative, sheds light on such topics as gender formation, institutional changes in the art world, governmental intervention in the arts, the social and legal regulation of dress codes, and the perceived transgressive nature of female sexual companionship in a repressive society, all with the distinctive flavor of Bonheurs artistic personality.Gretchen van Slykes translation provides a rare glimpse into the unconventional life of this famous French painter, and renders accessible for the first time in English this public statement of Bonheurs artistic credo.
More importantly, whether judged by her centurys standards (or perhaps even our own), it details a story of lesbian love that is bold, unconventional, and courageous.The remarkable life of Rosa Bonheur, one of the most highly decorated artists and certainly the best known female artist of her time in nineteenth-century France, is long overdue for further scrutiny.
--Therese Dolan, Temple UniversityGretchen van Slyke is Associate Professor of French, University of Vermont.